The evolution of the Tattoo Machine, The techniques used to embed the tattoo into the skin, sometimes tied to a particular region or culture. For example, some tattoos are obtained during cultural ceremonies, rites of passage. However all tattoos lead to the creation of permanent signs and designs on the body.
In other Western industrialized countries like the United States tattoos are applied using a tattoo machine. Tattoo machines are professional equipment that really help when applying tattoo ink pigments into the skin. Their electromagnetic coils that repeatedly inserting a needle into the skin to incorporate ink or pigments. The tattoo machine contains a portable device that allows the artist to draw thin lines to shapes. It is interesting to note that tattoo artists usually refer to their equipment like tattoo machines or a tattoo that novices often use the term gun tattoo.
Most people would be surprised to find that Thomas Edison, which is usually associated with the advent of the light bulb, is partly responsible for inventing the first prototype of a tattoo machine. Mr. Edison patented a battery-powered device in 1876 and called Stencil-pens. " This device may holes in paper drawings and models are indifferent. Perforated paper would be put on a solid surface and coloured powder is sprinkled on paper. This is used to transfer the pattern on the object. It's not too hard to imagine how this technique could be used to place models and designs on the skin.
Sure, just fifteen years later the stencil-Pens has been modified by Samuel O'Reilly to include a better group of pipe, a Chamber of ink, a needle to inject the ink into the skin, a switch on and off, and the ability to adjust the pitch. O'Reilly has taped his project and received the first patent of the tattoo machine.
However, the design patented by Percy Waters in 1929 is the closest modern day tattoo machine. Waters ' design included two electromagnetic coils attached parallel to the frame. It also included a shield and spark an easier to use on and off. Water continually improved the device configuration, but the basic design remained the same for many years.
A patent for the next tattoo machine was not registered until fifty years later in 1979. It was released to Carol "Smokey" Nightingale, a former merchant marine who was nicknamed "the man with the golden needle". Carol claims to have learned tattooing techniques from her mother, a circus worker. His design included springs of various lengths for different types of work detail and a lever for total adjustability of the coils.
Modern tattoo machines can control the speed of the needle, the depth and pressure, which allowed the tattoo becoming a very precise art form. The machines are so precise and sensitive that a particular type of facial tattoo called dermapigmentation, or permanent make-up has evolved.
As you can see the tattoo machine has gone through several changes since the first device was designed by Edison over 100 years ago. This practice continues today. Almost all tattoo artists purchase standard machines and then modify them to accommodate their tattoo styles and application techniques. As such, no two tattoo machines are the same. Although most tattoo artists do not take time to patent and register their edits that are still improving on the original design, regardless of how small changes can be.